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Prenatal nutrition is essential for both the mother’s and the developing fetus’s health. Pregnancy-related issues like low birth weight, premature birth, and birth abnormalities can be decreased by eating a balanced, nutrient-rich diet.
Considerations for diet during pregnancy include the following:
Folate: Folate is necessary for the fetus’s healthy brain and spinal cord development. At least 600 mcg of folate should be consumed daily by pregnant women through diet or supplements.
Iron: Both the mother and the fetus need iron for the formation of red blood cells. In order to support the increased blood volume, pregnant women require more iron. The increased need for iron can be met in part by eating foods high in iron such spinach, red meat, and beans.
Calcium: Calcium is crucial for the fetus’s development of sturdy bones and teeth. Women who are pregnant should get at least 1000 mg of calcium daily through food or supplements.
Protein: Protein is essential for the fetus’s tissue growth and development and can help prevent premature birth. Lean meats, eggs, nuts, and legumes should make up 75–100 grams of the daily protein intake for pregnant women.
Omega-3 fatty acids: DHA in particular is crucial for the development of the embryonic brain and eyes. The recommended daily intake of DHA for pregnant women is 200–300 mg from fatty fish or supplements.
Avoid specific foods: Pregnant women should steer clear of raw or undercooked meats, mercury-filled fish, unpasteurized dairy products, and items like deli meats and raw sprouts that are particularly risky for foodborne disease.
Additionally, it’s crucial for pregnant women to drink plenty of water and to limit their intake of alcohol and caffeine. Pregnant women can make sure they are fulfilling their nutritional needs and choosing appropriate foods for both themselves and their growing children by seeking the advice of a healthcare professional or certified dietitian.
Tagged: health, nutrient-rich, Nutrition, pregnancy
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